Streamside Salamander

(Ambystoma barbouri)

Distribution of the Streamside Salamander (from the AR MI Atlas)

An adult Streamside Salamander.

Description: A large (up to 5.5”) stout-bodied salamander. The ground color is black to dark brown, and dark gray lichen-like patterns are found on the sides of the body. The head is notably small and rounded. This species is nearly identical to the Small-mouthed Salamander and is best differentiated by the location and habitat.
Distribution in Ohio: Southwestern Ohio

Status in Ohio: The Streamside Salamander is not a state listed species.

Habitat: Breeds in small to medium sized limestone creeks located within forests. Outside of the breeding season it is often found in burrows and under rocks and logs in adjacent forests, often some distance from the breeding area.
Life history: Courtship, breeding, and egg-laying occur underwater. Salamanders migrate to streams during the winter and early spring to lay eggs. Courtship apparently takes place under rocks, and the eggs are laid singly, attached to the undersides of limestone rocks in pools. The aquatic larvae hatch out in 2-3 weeks and complete metamorphosis 6-10 weeks later.

Conservation: The Streamside Salamander breeds only in forested ravines. Logging and urbanization of these areas is a threat to many populations. Other threats include the pollution of stream habitats by acid mine drainage, pesticides, and herbicides, and the channelization and scouring of streams.

Last modified:
Thursday, May 05, 2005

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